Top 10 Scientists in India – IIBNTV

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Undoubtedly, India has played a vital role in contributing to the world of Science, which has helped us shape our modern civilization.

From inventing a Light Bulb to space explorations, it is all gift of Science and few of the Top 10 Scientists in India.

Remarkably, in the Nineteenth and Twentieth centuries, numerous ancient scientists combined their efforts and put our country on the Global map with their inventions.

At the same time, we had laid the foundation of scientific development in India.

India has risen to the top scientific research rankings in the 21st Century. Several scientists have contrubuted to bring India to this leading position.

Top 10 Scientists of India:

  •  Jagadish Chandra Bose
  • Salim Ali.
  • A.P.J. Abdul Kalam.
  • Asima Chatterjee.
  • Subramanya Chandrasekhar.
  • Homi J Bhaba.
  • Satyendra Nath Bose.
  • Srinivasa Ramanujan.
  • Sir. C.V. Raman.
  • Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray.

Let us now have a look into the list of 10 great scientists of India and their inventions- 

10. Jagadish Chandra Bose:

Bose was not only a writer of science fiction but he was also a well known polymath, physicist, botanist, and biologist and lived his entire life in British India.

Remarkably, Bose headed the investigation of radio and microchips and thus contributed a massive significance to society.

Additionally, Jagadish Chandra Bose not only invented the Cresco graph to measure plants’ growth but is also known for inventions in plant science that opened the door to new research and innovations.

A crater on the name has been named in his honor.


9. Salim Ali:

Salim Ali was an eminent Naturalist and Ornithologist popularly known as the “Bird Man” of India.

Undeniably, Ali was the first Indian scientist who not only conducted systematic surveys on birds but also carried out taxonomic documentation on species of India and abroad.

Additionally, Ali was awarded the Padma Bhushan in 1958 and Padma Vibhushan in 1976 for his services and contribution to the Department of Ornithology.


8. A.P.J. Abdul Kalam:

 Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam, also known as A.P.J. Abdul Kalam, was born in 1931 to a Muslim Tamil family in the district of Rameshwaram of Tamil Nadu.

Undoubtedly, Kalam is one of the top 10 scientists India has ever produced.

Significantly, Kalam was involved in India’s civilian space program, made vital contributions to military missile development, and earned the name “Missile Man of India”.

Consecutively, he was an eminent aerospace scientist who worked at the DRDO and ISRO.

Remarkably, Kalam (APJ. Kalam) has also served as the 11th President of Independent India and earned India’s highest Civilian honor- Bharat Ratna Award.


7. Asima Chatterjee:

Now we bring to your light one of the renowned female scientists of India who made significant contributions in the fields of organic chemistry and Phytomedicine.

Asima Chatterjee was born in 1917 in British India and became the first Indian woman to earn a doctorate in India at an Indian university.

She carved the way for Indian women to pursue organic chemistry and opened the world’s eyes to the power of medicinal plants.


6. Subramanya Chandrasekhar:

Subramanya Chandrasekhar was born in 1910 in a Tamil Brahmin Family who resided in Lahore during of his birth.

He is a renowned astrophysicist and spent most of his professional life in the US.

After completing his college, he moved to England to pursue his higher studies. He carried out a research on the statistical mechanics of degenerate electron gas in white dwarf stars.

Remarkably, Chandrasekhar was awarded a Nobel prize in Physics for his studies on the “Physical process of importance to the structure and evolution of stars.” in the year 1983. 


5. Homi J Bhaba:

Homi J Bhabha was instrumental in the country’s scientific progress by setting up institutes like Bhabha Atomic Research Institute and Tata Institute of Fundamental Research.

He is also the first man to hold the position of chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission.


4. Satyendra Nath Bose:

S N Bose was born in 1894 in Calcutta of the Bengal Presidency.

Remarkably, Bose is an Iconic and one of the top 10 Indian scientists and a polymath with expertise in numerous fields like Physics, Chemistry, math, biology, literature, and music.

Surprisingly, he is famous for his collaboration with the world-famous scientist Albert Einstein in the stream of Quantum mechanisms which developed two theories- Bose-Einstein Statistics and Bose-Einstein Condensate. 


3. Srinivasa Ramanujan:

Ramanujan was born in a Brahmin Family (1887) in the Madras Presidency; Srinivasa Ramanujan Iyengar is a famous Indian Mathematician who has made applauding contributions to the field of Mathematics in his 32-year lifespan.

Additionally, Ramanujan published his first paper in 1911 on “Some properties of Bernoulli’s Numbers,” which demonstrated his exceptional knowledge; the exciting part is that Ramanujan never got any training in Mathematics, and all his discoveries were made by sheer intuition.


2. Sir. C.V. Raman:

Chandrashekhara Venkata Raman was born in 1888, one of the top 10 famous Indian scientists who made significant contributions to the field of Physics.

Surprisingly, he made a discovery on the scattering of light particles which was called The Raman Effect, for which Raman was awarded a Nobel Prize in 1930 for his findings which were of fundamental significance to physics.

In fact, to highlight, Raman was the first Non-White to win the award in Science. 


1. Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray:

Bengal Chemicals and Pharmaceuticals, the first Pharmaceutical company in India, was founded by one of the Top 10 eminent Indian scientists- Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray.

Additionally, Ray was born during the Bengal Presidency of British India in the year 1861 and developed a keen interest in Chemistry during his college days.

Furthermore, he was awarded a fellowship at the University of Edinburgh, where he finished his BS and Ph.D.

In 1896, Ray discovered a new compound called Mercurous Nitrate under the specialization of inorganic chemistry.

He was appointed as the Father of Chemical Science in India.

Nevertheless, he headed the establishment of the first modern Indian research school in Chemistry.


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